How Can UK Landlords Boost Their DSCR Ratios?


Updated on:

landlords improve dscr ratios

The debt service coverage ratio (DSCR) is a crucial metric used by lenders to assess a property’s ability to generate enough income to cover its mortgage payments and other debt obligations. For buy-to-let landlords in the UK, maintaining a healthy DSCR of 1.0 or higher is key to securing financing and managing cash flow.

A DSCR below 1 suggests the property’s net operating income is insufficient to service its total debt load. As a result, landlords with lower DSCRs often struggle to find lenders willing to approve their loans.

Fortunately, there are several strategies UK landlords can use to improve their DSCRs. This article will explore five proven methods to help landlords boost their DSCR ratios and improve their chances of obtaining favorable mortgage terms.

How Can Landlords Increase Their Rental Income?

One of the most direct ways for landlords to improve their DSCR is to increase the rental income their investment property generates each month. Here are some tips to help maximize rents:

Set Rents at Market Rates

  • Make sure your rents are in line with comparable units in the area. Check listings on rental sites to see what similar properties are commanding for rent in your local market.
  • Avoid underpricing your unit, as this will lead to lower rental income. Be sure to factor in your property’s amenities and features when pricing.

Offer Rent Discounts for Longer Leases

  • Consider offering a discount for tenants willing to sign longer leases, such as 15% off for a 2-year lease. This incentive gives you guaranteed income for a longer period.
  • You may be able to increase rents after the initial discount period expires.

Review Rents Annually

  • Assess rents each year when renewing leases and increase them periodically to keep up with market rates.
  • Look at any improvements made over the past year to help justify increases.

Properly Prepare and Market Vacant Units

  • To avoid long vacancies between tenants, make any needed repairs and refresh paint/flooring of empty units.
  • List vacant properties on multiple rental sites and highlight amenities.
  • Consider offering 1 month free on a 12-month lease to incentivize new tenants.

What Expenses Can Landlords Reduce to Improve DSCR?

Cutting back on expenses related to your rental property is another way to enhance your DSCR. Here are some areas to focus on:

Shop Around for Better Insurance Rates

  • Get quotes from multiple providers when your policy is up for renewal to see if you can find cheaper premiums.
  • Ask your insurer if bundling policies or selecting higher deductibles could lower costs.

Negotiate Discounts from Vendors

  • Talk to your regular contractors about signing a service agreement that guarantees them steady business in return for a discount.
  • Get multiple bids on any major repair or maintenance project to find the best rate.

Invest in Energy Efficient Upgrades

  • Consider upgrades like new windows, LED lighting, or insulation to reduce utility expenses.
  • Look into incentives or rebates offered by local energy providers that can offset upgrade costs.

Appeal Property Tax Assessments

  • If you believe your property taxes are too high, file an appeal requesting the assessment be lowered.
  • Provide comparable assessments in your area and point out any flaws in your property’s valuation.

Refinance Debt at a Lower Interest Rate

Refinancing existing mortgages and loans at today’s lower interest rates is one of the most effective ways for landlords to reduce their overall debt repayment costs and improve their DSCRs. Here are some key points on refinancing:

  • Shop around with multiple lenders and compare interest rates and terms. Lock in the lowest fixed rate possible.
  • Consider extending your amortization period to lower the monthly payments.
  • Look for “cash-out” refinance options allowing you to tap equity to pay off higher interest debt.
  • Crunching the numbers is crucial???refinancing costs money, so make sure the monthly savings exceed any fees incurred.
  • Time it right???try to refinance when you have 20% or more equity, as conventional loans don’t require mortgage insurance.

How Does Making a Larger Down Payment Improve DSCR?

Putting down a larger down payment when purchasing an investment property is another impactful way landlords can enhance their DSCRs. Here’s how it works:

  • A higher down payment means you have to borrow less and your mortgage loan balance will be lower.
  • This results in lower monthly principal and interest payments, reducing your overall debt servicing costs.
  • Less debt servicing translates directly into an improved DSCR number.

For example:

  • On a ??200,000 property, a 20% down payment is ??40,000, leaving a ??160,000 mortgage.
  • With a 10% down payment of ??20,000, the mortgage is ??180,000.
  • The higher mortgage amount on the 10% down payment negatively affects the DSCR by increasing the debt servicing.
  • Paying more up front improves the DSCR by lowering the monthly debt payments.

Can Allowing Pets Help Increase Rental Income?

Many tenants look for pet-friendly rentals and are often willing to pay higher rents for the privilege of having pets. By marketing units as “pets allowed”, landlords may be able to command premium rental rates, thereby increasing income and DSCR. Points to consider:

  • Survey your local rental market???what are other pet-friendly units commanding in rent? Set your rents accordingly.
  • Consider restricting pets to an approved list of dog breeds and cats to mitigate risks.
  • Charge pet deposits/fees to cover any potential damages???a refundable ??200-??500 pet deposit per pet is typical.
  • Make sure your insurance policy allows pets and covers damages they may cause.
  • Outline clear pet policies in your lease covering waste cleanup, noise, etc.
  • Inspect units more frequently when occupied by pets to catch any issues early.

The key is balancing the extra income pets provide against any potential downsides like property damage. Done right, allowing pets can be a winning strategy to improve DSCR.

What Should Landlords Know About Getting a Loan With a Low DSCR?

While the goal is to improve your DSCR to 1.0 or above, some lenders may still approve loans for properties with DSCRs below 1. However, the terms will likely be less favorable. Here’s what to expect:

  • Higher Interest Rates – Lenders perceive lower DSCR properties as higher risk, so interest rates will run significantly higher, often 1-3% above normal.
  • Larger Down Payments – Most lenders will require a down payment of at least 20-25% on properties with a sub-1.0 DSCR to mitigate their risk.
  • Higher Fees – Loan origination fees and other charges are typically higher for low DSCR deals. Expect to pay 1-2%+ in upfront fees.
  • Prepayment Penalties – Refinancing or selling may incur penalties if done within the first few years of the loan.
  • Interest-Only – Lenders may structure the loan as interest-only for the first few years to keep payments lower until the DSCR improves.
  • Shorter Term – Loan terms may be limited to 5-10 years on lower DSCR properties, requiring refinancing much sooner.

The bottom line is low DSCR financing can be obtained, but the numerous tradeoffs may make it less appealing than improving the ratio through other means first.

Let’s Recap – How Can UK Landlords Boost Their DSCRs?

  1. Increase rental income by pricing at market rates, offering lease discounts, reviewing rents annually, and properly prepping and marketing vacant units.
  2. Reduce expenses by shopping around for better insurance, negotiating vendor discounts, upgrading to energy efficient systems, and appealing unfair property taxes.
  3. Refinance debt at today’s lower interest rates to significantly reduce monthly payments.
  4. Make larger down payments when purchasing investment properties to lower mortgage balances and payments.
  5. Allow pets and charge pet fees to increase rental income while setting policies to limit risks.

Achieving a solid DSCR of 1.0 or better should be a priority for all buy-to-let landlords in order to secure favorable loan terms and manage cash flows effectively. Following the strategies above can help UK landlords improve their DSCRs over time.

The key is taking a holistic approach by both boosting rental income and reducing costs. With consistent effort, landlords can improve their DSCRs and put their properties in a much stronger financial position.


Hello! My name is Luna, and I am a freelancer in the finance niche. I have a passion for helping people understand their financial options and make informed decisions about their money. My website, DSCR Loan UK, serves as a resource for those looking for information on loans, budgeting, saving, investing, and more. I strive to provide practical and easy-to-understand advice that can help people make smart financial decisions.